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27th of September 2010

News on the REAP of Slovenia: Advantages and disadvantages of RES Action Plan


Author / Source: Energetika.NET

REAP sectoral targets 
Objectives for heating and cooling are adequate and with the rich wood biomass in Slovenia are likely to be more realistic. Ekofund will continue to have an important role in the heating and cooling of buildings. The Fund will allocate grants to encourage the construction of low energy buildings. An ambitious goal was set in the fields of district heating systems using biomass. 
Interesting seems also the area of biogas heating. Slovenia has the potential for biogas from waste, which are now largely exported and processed in Austria. The use of thermal energy generated besides the production of electricity in the biogas plant, should be mandatory and not merely desirable, as stated in the REAP, or it comes to unnecessary energy losses. There should be a deliberate and well planned placement of biogas plants, which would allow the use of thermal energy, the additional investment, which allows the use of thermal energy from biogas plant, would also need to be better supported. 

Biomass: 
Slovenia has a high potential of woody biomass, and REAP plans to improve forest management planning. REAP also plans mobilization of new sources of biomass (unused land, animal manure, etc.). At public presentation of REAP a proposal to classify wood biomass and determine certain types of biomass for energy use were exposed. Harvesting and energy use of pine forest is not meaningful, since the pine wood is suitable for building. 

Responsibility and consequences: 

The consequences of failure to achieve goals and people liable for their achievement are vague (or imprecise). These two items are most important because stating the consequences and persons could be implemented much more efficiently. 

In REAP is also written a very important finding, namely that the RES targets are reasonable and realistic only with prior or concurrent intensive energy efficiency policy, therefore, among other things, with limiting the use of energy. Replacing conventional energy sources (CES) with renewables would represent only a short leap, and because of the rising standard of living, does not represent a transition to a sustainable society. As with the new RES plants and long-term efficient use of energy we come to the surplus energy, it would also be useful to add some note on closing the existing KVE energy facilities and measures to stop the growth of energy use and to reduce its use. 

Awareness raising and promotion of RES: 
REAP provides the integration of EE and RES issues in the programs of elementary and secondary schools and on the faculties. The measure is very relevant and important, since it can educate the public about EE, RES, environmental issues and train new employees in the energy sector. In the education segment the energy advice - EnSvet program ia included, which offers to citizens free advices on how to reduce CO2 emissions, reduce end-use energy and to improve the production of energy from renewables. EnSvet program would be implemented in the future to a much larger scale. 

International Cooperation: 
An important drawback is the lack of cooperation with EU Member States and third countries, although this is defined as the possibility. Despite the fact that REAP is a national RES document, we must realize that sustainable development is global and not local challenge. If we want that sustainable development becomes a key value of Slovenia, the plan should be to extend REAP beyond national borders.


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