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Synthesis Report on the Country Studies

Author(s): Sybille Tempel

Published: August 2010

Synthesis Report on the Country Studies investigating the availability of biomass resources as well as the legal, financial and other policy instruments for promoting the sustainable use of biomass in AT, CZ, DE, HU, IT, PL, SK, and SI.

Introduction

According to the specifications of the European Commission for the Central Europe Programme INTERREG IVB, the Central European Region comprises eight countries respectively parts of these countries: Austria, Czech Republic, the southern and eastern parts of Germany (Federal States Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia), Hungary, the western and northern regions of Italy (Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia-Giulia, Liguria, Lombardia, Piemonte, Provincia Autonoma Bolzano/Bozen, Provincia Autonoma Trento, Valle D’Aosta/Vallée D’Aoste, Veneto), Poland, Slovak Republic, Slovenia. Projects under this Programme may include additionally the western part of the Non-Member State Ukraine as an associate partner (Chernivtsi, Ivano-Frankivsk, Volyn, Lviv, Zakarpattia, and the capital Kiew). This is the case in the 4Biomass project. The country studies delivered by the Partner Countries were intended to reveal the biomass potential in each country and the state of its exploitation. Special attention was given to its consideration and weight in the energy and environmental policies. Thus the focus of the inquiry was an investigation of the policy instruments and measures to promote sustainable biomass use with regard to meet the targets set by the European Commission for deployment of renewable energy in the European Union by the year 2020. In all Partner Countries biomass will play a major role to achieve the national targets and thus to secure achieving the overall EU goals. In Europe 27, bioenergy is currently the most important renewable energy source for heating, cooling and electricity in the medium term. But biomass resources are limited, hence it is inevitable to produce and utilise them in a sustainable way. In addition, this forces all Member States to perceive the urge to use these resources as well as all renewable resources efficiently and to save energy wherever this is possible.

EU Commission has taken account of these needs. Directive 2009/28/EC (RES Directive) requires all Member States to adopt a National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) describing i.a. national policies to develop existing biomass resources and mobilise new biomass resources for different uses. The measures to be taken to fulfill the indicative national targets as contribution to the EU overall target for 2020 (20 % renewable energy consumed in transport, electricity and heating and cooling, 20 % energy efficiency in final consumption of energy, and 10 % renewable energy in transport; EU Climate and Energy Package 2007; EC Action Plan for Energy Efficiency 2007) shall be defined.

The Directive furthermore set mandatory sustainability standards for biofuels and bioliquids which are to be incorporated in 2010 into Member States’ national legislation.

The country studies elaborated by the project partners were directed to inquire which legal, financial and other policy instruments and measures have been established already to expand renewable energies and in particular bioenergy, which potential of biomass is being available in the partner countries at present, and whether there are transnational cooperation structures established and used in the Central European Region.


Download(s): › Synthesis Report on the Country Studies


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This project is implemented through
the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF