24th of May 2012
Pre-feasibility studies for Austria, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia published
Author / Source: FNR
The project 4Biomass has published four pre-feasibility studies for bioenergy projects in the Central Europe.
The presented projects are good practice examples for decentral heat production based on solid biomass. Due to current support schemes in i.e. Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, biomass is used in cofiring with coal for electricity production. The large scale use of biomass causes sustainability problems, which could be avoided by i.e. decentral energy production. On the other hand, there is still unused biomass potential which could be used in the Central European countries to reach the national targets in the Renewable Energy Action Plans.
The published studies elaborate examples i.e. for sustainable applications of solid biomass as an alternative to co-firing biomass with coal. In the Polish example for the Jerzmanowice commune, the study analyses the substitution of a coal based heating with a straw heating in a private building on an agricultural holding. Presently, due to the low profitability of agriculture, parts of the land are being laid-off or urbanised. Many of the buildings in the area are heated by old coal boilers using low quality fuel (e.g. culm or even trash). After the harvest, the straw is usually burned in the fields or chopped and used as fertiliser. The use of biomass could contribute to reduce heating costs by using own biomass fuel (mainly cereal straw), to restore the agricultural character of the commune, to improve air quality and to promote biomass as a source for energy.
The studies for Austria, Hungary and Slovenia are examples for district heat based on solid biomass. The objectives are to reduce dependency from fossil fuel, support local and regional economy and reduce CO2 emissions. The Hungarian example shows how the installation of a CHP (combined heat and power) unit increases the efficiency of such a project.
All studies are available for download at www.4biomass.eu/en/publications
This project is implemented through
the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF