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6th of November 2011

Results of the Trans-national Stakeholder Dialogue

Author / Source: AEA
Attachement: Results of the Trans-national Stakeholder Dialogue [, pdf]

Between November 2009 and September 2010, biomass-stakeholders from eight Central European countries (Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Slovak Republic, Slovenia) were invited to express their respective opinion and assessment concerning the framework conditions of bioenergy, the national biomass action plans, measures and instruments for the support of bioenergy, the prospects and the most favorable markets of bioenergy deployment and the role of bioenergy in relation to the other renewable energy sources. The 1,221 experts who filled in the questionnaire, or at least parts of it, responded to a list of questions in national languages which were aligned among the eight national teams. This report refers to the answers to this set of identical questions. A second group of questions referring to specific national legislations and features has been evaluated separately, the particular national reports can be found on the 4biomass-website.

Evaluation of the National Biomass Action Plans (nBAPs)

The stakeholders´ rating of nBAP-targets and of the success rates of the countries in reaching these targets show that stakeholders endorse the nBAP´s targets, but remain sceptical about reaching them. Experts from Hungary and Poland are most critical on their nBAPs, experts from Czech Republic, Germany and Slovak Republic appreciate it. Regarding the likelihood of reaching the overall targets of their BAPs, significantly more experts think that their countries will not reach them, than think that they will reach them (40 % vs. 25 %). Experts from Austria and Hungary are particularly critical, German experts are most confident that the overall targets will be reached.

Figure 1: Stakeholders´ rating of nBAPs targets and -success-rate

Experts working for governments or in the services sector are more frequently in favour of their action plans than the respondents engaged in associations or in companies. The support for the targets of the respective national BAPs by experts who work at the national or international levels is lower than by those working at a regional or local level. The same can be found regarding the estimation for reaching the targets of the respective action plans: the more internationally the experts are working, the more sceptical they are. Government- and policy experts acclaim the overall goals of their BAPs in general, yet do at the same time not see much chance in reaching those goals. Experts working for companies and associations are sceptical that the overall goals can be reached too, energy end-users, in contrast, are more optimistic.

Which goals to aim at?

Biomass for heat will most significantly contribute to reach the goals of nBAPs. This clear message keeps its significance throughout all participating countries and with respect to all sectors of stakeholders analyzed, it remains furthermore applicable if biomass is compared to the other renewable energy sources like wind and hydro (see 1.4).

Figure 2: Importance of biomass to achieve the nBAPs-goals

Strategies for reaching the goals of the action plans

The experts´ assessment of the best strategies for reaching the goals of national BAPs differed according to the sectors electricity, heat and fuel.

  • For electricity production, the most important measure is financial support, especially in the form of feed-in tariffs. Experts from Austria, Poland, Hungary and Slovak Republic particularly demanded higher feed-in tariffs.
  • To reach the goals of the national BAPs in the area of heat, the experts argued that it is most important to reduce the costs for the “hardware” like stoves and boilers, to increase the availability of biomass and to give financial incentives for investments.
  • The best way to support biofuels is to reduce the costs of their costs by tax exemptions, -reductions or refunds. It was also emphasised that the support of research and development is important in this area.

In some countries, notably Italy, Poland and Hungary, experts apprehend the low availability of national biomass resources in general.

Importance of renewable energy sources in the future

Heat from biomass will, even if compared to the other renewable energy sources, provide the most additional gain in primary energy supply for their respective countries in 2020, the stakeholders state. At the same time, however, 60 % of the respondents, final energy-users in particular, argue that heat from bioenergy will need more support for market introduction. The additional contribution to energy consumption by electricity from biomass was ranked second, followed by solar- and wind energy. Hydrogen from renewable sources and liquid biofuels of the first generation will, according to the consulted experts, provide the least additional gain in primary energy supply.

Figure 3: Additional gain in primary energy supply in 2020?

For viewing the complete document "Results of the Trans-national Stakeholder Dialogue" please click here. [pdf]



This project is implemented through
the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF